Let us dig deeper into the differences between Ruby on Rails and Python:
The languages might appear the same visually, but they are very different regarding their approach to problem-solving. The design of Ruby is aptly flexible and empowering for web programmers. They can use quick tricks on Ruby on Rails to create a beautiful framework. While this seems magical at times, it can also create a few issues.
For instance, the same trick which makes Ruby work at unexpected times might also make it difficult to track bugs. Consequently, programmers might end up searching through codes for hours at end.
Python, on the other hand, approaches programming very directly. Its basic goal is to make everything visible to programmers. Yes, the magic and elegance of Ruby might be missing here, but what makes Python Better is its easy-to-learn quality and efficient debugging of codes.
Let us understand this further with an example. Suppose, you want to find out the time exactly one month for this second.
In Ruby, you do it this way:
new_time = 1.month.from_now
from datetime import datetime
from dateutil.relativedelta import relativedelta
new_time = datetime.now() + relativedelta(months=1)
Note that, in Python, you would have to import specific functionality from the DateTime and datetime libraries. While it is quite explicit, you can easily see where everything is sourced from. Coming to Ruby, most of it is hidden. Some active_support library is imported, and then, all Ruby integers have” “.days” and “.from_now” methods suddenly. It is easy to read, but the source of the functionality is unclear. Also, it is quite cool that all integers in the language are patched with modern functionality, but this might lead to certain issues.
The question is not which approach is correct or incorrect; both emphasize different things. While Ruby presents the flexibility of its language, Python shows how direct and readable it is.
The web frameworks: Both Django and Ruby on Rails frameworks help in web application development. The performance is quite similar because both are scripting languages. Both frameworks provide programmers with features from conventional MVC frameworks like views, models, controllers, and database migrations. The difference lies in your implementation of the features, but they are quite the same at their core. Both Python And Ruby on Rails have plenty of libraries programmers can use to create additional features for their web applications. Ruby and Python have repositories called Rubygems and Package Index, respectively.
The community: There are considerable communities behind Ruby on Rails and Python. Every community governs the direction of the programming language, updates, and software-building process. Python, however, has a larger community. Python is quite useful in the academic field, especially in maths and science cases, and this momentum aids its continuous growth. Every Linux desktop comes with pre-installed Python. Consequently, it is the most appropriate language for Linux servers.
But Ruby gained popularity when Rails was invented in 2005. The community escalated around Rails and has done great work in the web development field. Its diversity has also increased but has not been able to reach up to that of Python yet.
The usage: Ruby on Rails and Python are vastly used in the technological world. Renowned websites like Google, Pinterest, Instagram, Mozilla Firefox, Washington Post, National Geographic, and many others have been built using Python. On the other hand, companies like Apple, Twitter, Shopify, Github, Groupon, etc., use Ruby on Rails.